What is life like for adolescents growing up in low and middle income countries? Using unique data from interviews in the Young Lives study of 12,000 children growing up in Ethiopia, India, Peru and Vietnam over the past 15 years, this book compares how adolescents living in poverty in Ethiopia, India, Peru and Vietnam experience puberty, school, marriage, parenthood and work. It examines how poverty, geographical location and social exclusion affect key transitions, and how gender shapes children’s future opportunities.
The book challenges policymakers to do more to understand the daily lives of adolescent girls and boys living in poverty, and to invest in high quality, responsive schooling and health services, protect families with older children against hardship, address everyday violence, and promote better opportunities for adolescents as they enter young adulthood.
Jo Boyden is Professor of International Development and Director of Young Lives at the University of Oxford’s Department of International Development. An authority on child development and children's rights, she has worked to understand and improve policies for children in contexts of adversity. Her research has focused on child work, education, children affected by armed conflict and forced migration, childhood poverty, and socio-cultural development.
Frances Winter leads policy work on gender and youth at Young Lives. She has worked on gender, equality and children’s rights internationally and in the UK for more than twenty years.
Gina Crivello is an Anthropologist and a Senior Research Officer in the Department of International Development at the University of Oxford where she leads Young Lives qualitative longitudinal research. Her research has focused on children and young people’s everyday experiences of poverty, aspirations, migration and mobility, paid and unpaid work and intergenerational relations in transitions to adulthood, including methods and ethics in social research with vulnerable young people. She holds a PhD in Anthropology from the University of California.
Patricia Espinoza-Revollo holds a DPhil in International Development and is a Quantitative Research Officer in Young Lives at the University of Oxford. Her research focuses on inequality, social stratification and mobility, emerging middle classes, and child and youth development with a focus on gender inequalities. She coordinates Young Lives panel survey design and implementation in four developing countries.
The reality of adolescent trajectories in Young Lives;
The pervasive impact of poverty on adolescents’ trajectories;
The role of gender in adolescent trajectories;
Services and the triple challenge of access, quality and responsiveness;
After school, what?;
Implications for policy and intervention;
Conclusion: Summarise key messages;