Over the last decade, the reformed youth justice system has seen increases in the numbers of children and young people in custody, a sharp rise in indeterminate sentences and the continuing deaths of young prisoners. The largest proportion of funding in youth justice at national level is spent on providing places for children and young people remanded and sentenced to custody.
The publication of the Youth Crime Action Plan during 2008 and the increasing emphasis on early intervention provides a framework to consider again the interface between local services and secure residential placements.
This report brings together contributions from leading experts on young people and criminal justice to critically examine current policy and practice. There are vital questions for both policy and practice on whether the use of custody reduces re-offending or whether other forms of residential placements are more effective long-term. The report looks at current approaches to the sentencing and custody of children and young people, prevention of re-offending and a range of alternative regimes.
Maggie Blyth is Independent Chair of Nottingham YOT and youth justice specialist. She is also a Member of the Parole Board for England and Wales.
Chris Wright is the National Director, Operations & New Business, at Rainer Crime Concern.
Robert Newman is Head of Inclusion at the Youth Justice Board for England and Wales.
Introduction ~ Maggie Blyth, Robert Newman and Chris Wright; Children in custody ~ Rod Morgan; Types of secure establishment ~ Jim Rose; The cost of custody: whose responsibility? ~ Rob Allen; Sentencing young people ~ Kerry Baker; Child deaths in the juvenile secure estate ~ Barry Goldson and Deborah Coles; Sentenced to education: the case for a 'hybrid' custodial sentence ~ Maggie Blyth and Robert Newman; Young people and parole: risk aware or risk averse? ~ Hazel Kemshall; Ten years on: conclusions ~ Robert Newman and Maggie Blyth.