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This important book offers practical advice for using evidence and research in policymaking. The book has two aims. Firstly, it builds a case for ethics and global values in research and knowledge exchange, and secondly, it examines specific policy areas and how evidence can guide practice.
The book covers important policy areas including the GM debate, the environment, Black Lives Matter and COVID-19. Each chapter assesses the ethical challenges, the status of evidence in explaining or describing the issue and possible solutions to the problem. The book will enable policymakers and their advisors to seek evidence for their decisions from research that has been conducted ethically and with integrity.
Ron Iphofen, FAcSS, is an independent consultant based in France with international recognition for expertise on research ethics and professional standards in research.
Dónal O’Mathúna, PhD, is Associate Professor at The Ohio State University, USA, and internationally recognized for his work on disaster bioethics, including the ethics of research in disasters and humanitarian settings.
Introduction: Ethical Evidence and Policymaking ~ Ron Iphofen and Dónal O’Mathúna
SECTION 1: Fundamentals of evidence and ethical dimensions in policy making
1) Ethical research in a global context: A dynamic tension between universal values, principles and contextual applications ~ Margit Sutrop and Kristi Lõuk
2) One size fits all? The problems of offering ethical guidance to everyone ~ Paul Spicker
3) Trust in institutions or the scientist? The drivers and mechanisms of trust in research and innovation as a mean to improve political outcomes and support to such operations: ~ Caroline Gans-Combe
4) Modes of influence: what can we learn from international codes of ethics for health-related research? ~ Helen Busby
5) Interdisciplinary perspectives on Ethics and Integrity in Europe: Acknowledging differences to foster mutual understanding ~ E. Spyrakou, P. Kavouras, V. Markakis, M. Barberis Rami and C.A. Charitidis
6) An ethical framework for Think Tanks – easier drafted than done? ~ Fabian Zuleeg
SECTION 2: Ethical evidence in specific policy domains
7) Ethical research in public policy ~ Paul Spicker
8) Bitter Harvests: Ethical Divides in the GM Foods Debate ~ Alan Simpson
9) Ethics in Smart Information Systems ~ Francesca Pratesi, Roberto Trasarti and Fosca Giannotti
10) The AI industry and regulation: Time for implementation? ~ Gabi Lombardo
11) Cardiovascular Disease Prevention and Health Promotion in Times of a Pandemic: A Global Health Case Study ~ Linda Gibson, Nchafack Almighty, Sibyl Anthierens, Tebogo Mothiba, Hilde Bastiaens
12) Conducting research in crisis situations ethically: Ethical challenges with COVID-19 ~ Dónal O’Mathúna
13) Ethics in research for resilience and societal collapse ~ Ian Roderick
14) Research relationships and positionality: Adult-child power relations ~ Katharina Miller and Nina J. Zugic
SECTION 3: Case studies
15) What is good evidence? ~ Helen Kara
16) Black Lives Matter: reconsidering systemic racism ~ Sally Burns
17) The State of Scientific Policy Advice: Reflections on Strategies and Challenges of Foreign Policy Think Tanks in Times of Crises ~ Nicolas Lux
18) Increasing the impact of research through policy: The role of academic publishers in bringing researchers and policymakers together ~ Hazel Goodes and Sarah Broadley