Policy Press

Plural policing

The mixed economy of visible patrols in England and Wales

By Adam Crawford, Stuart Lister, Sarah Blackburn and Jon Burnett


Mar 15, 2005

Page count

128 pages

Browse the series

Researching Criminal Justice




245 x 170 mm


Policy Press
Plural policing

This timely and important report draws together the findings of an extensive two-year study of developments in the provision of visible policing in England and Wales. Exploring the dynamic relations between different public and private providers, it combines an overview of national developments with a detailed analysis of six focused case studies, including two city centres, one out-of-town shopping centre, an industrial park and two residential areas.

The report considers the role of community support officers, neighbourhood wardens and private security guards, amongst other plural policing personnel and outlines the policy implications of the research findings, particularly with regard to the Government's current police reform agenda. It also provides important insights and recommendations regarding the organisation, co-ordination and regulation of the future mixed economy of visible security patrols.

Plural policing will be of special interest to academics, researchers, policy makers, police and security managers and students of criminology and policing, as well as all those interested in community safety and the changing face of modern policing.

Adam Crawford is Professor of Criminology and Criminal Justice Stuart Lister, Lecturer, and Sarah Blackburn and Jonathan Burnett, Researchers at the Centre for Criminal Justice Studies, University of Leeds.

Introduction; A mixed economy of plural policing; Strategies and styles of policing; Public reassurance; The challenge of coordination; Questions of governance and accountability; Conclusions and recommendations.