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Policymakers throughout Europe are enacting policies to support youth labour market integration. However, many young people continue to face unemployment, job insecurity and the subsequent consequences.
Adopting a mixed-method and multilevel perspective, this book provides a comprehensive investigation into the multifaceted consequences of social exclusion. Drawing on rich pan-European comparative and quantitative data, and interviews with young people from across Europe, this text gives a platform to the unheard voices of young people.
Contributors derive crucial new policy recommendations and offer fresh insights into areas including youth well-being, health, poverty, leaving the parental home and qualifying for social security.
Marge Unt is the Head of International Institute of Social Studies and Professor of Comparative Sociology at Tallinn University, Estonia.
Michael Gebel is Professor of Methods of Empirical Social Research at the Department of Sociology at the University of Bamberg, Germany.
Sonia Bertolini is Professor of Sociology of Work in the Department of Cultures, Politics and Society at the University of Turin, Italy.
Vasiliki Deliyanni-Kouimtzis is Professor Emeritus of Sociology of Education in the School of Psychology at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece.
Dirk Hofäcker is Professor of Quantitative Methods of Social Research at the Institute for Social Work and Social Policy at the University of Duisburg-Essen, Germany.
1. Introduction: Youth transitions in times of labour market insecurity – Michael Gebel, Marge Unt, Sonia Bertolini, Vasiliki Deliyanni-Kouimtzis, and Dirk Hofäcker
2. Effects of unemployment and insecure jobs on youth well-being in Europe: The role of economic development and business cycle fluctuations – Olena Nizalova, Gintare Malisauskaite, Despoina Xanthopoulou, Katerina Gousia and Christina Athanasiades
3. Contagious health effects of unemployment in couples: does becoming unemployed affect a young partner’s health? – Anna Baranowska-Rataj and Mattias Strandh
4. Multiple routes to youth well-being: what buffers the negative consequences of unemployment? A qualitative comparative analysis – Triin Lauri and Marge Unt
5. Experiencing unemployment and job insecurity in two European countries: German and Italian young people’s well-being and coping strategies – Christoph Schlee, Rosy Musumeci and Chiara Ghislieri
6. Meanings of work in the narratives of youth who experience labour market insecurity – Eve-Liis Roosmaa, Epp Reiska, Jędrzej Stasiowski, Sonia Bertolini and Paola Maria Torrioni
7. Housing autonomy of youth in Europe: do labour and housing policies matter? – Valentina Goglio and Sonia Bertolini
8. Is housing autonomy still a step towards adulthood in a time of job insecurity? – Sonia Bertolini, Rosy Musumeci, Christina Athanassiades, Anastasia Flouli, Lia Figgou, Vasiliki Deliyanni-Kouimtzi, Veneta Krasteva, Maria Jeliazkova and Douhomir Minev
9. Becoming economically autonomous: young people in a time of job insecurity – Antonella Meo, Valentina Moiso, Jędrzej Stasiowski and Zofia Włodarczyk
10. The role of informal social support for young people in unemployment and job insecurity in Italy, Estonia, and Germany – Antonella Meo, Roberta Ricucci, Christoph Schlee, Jelena Helemäe and Margarita Kazjulja
11. How youth experience and perceive labour market policies in four European countries – Roberta Ricucci, Chiara Ghislieri, Veneta Krasteva, Maria Jeliazkova, Marti Taru and Magdalena Rokicka
12. Can labour market policies protect unemployed youth from poverty? A cross-European comparison – Małgorzata Kłobuszewska, Marta Palczyńska, Magdalena Rokicka, Jędrzej Stasiowski, Kadri Täht and Marge Unt
13. Unemployment and job precariousness: Material and social consequences for Greek and Italian youth – Lia Figgou, Martina Sourvinou, Christina Athanasiades, Valentina Moiso and Rosy Musumeci
14. Syntheses of long-term socio-economic consequences of insecure labour market positions for Youth in Europe – Dirk Hofäcker, Sina Schadow and Janika Kletzing
15. Youth transitions and risk of social exclusion: integrating perspectives – Sonia Bertolini, Vasiliki Deliyanni-Kouimtzis, Michael Gebel, Dirk Hofäcker and Marge Unt