With trust in top-down government faltering, community-based groups around the world are displaying an ever-greater appetite to take control of their own lives and neighbourhoods. Government, for its part, is keen to embrace the projects and the planning undertaken at this level, attempting to regularise it and use it as a means of reconnecting to citizens and localising democracy.
This unique book analyses the contexts, drivers and outcomes of community action and planning in a selection of case studies in the global north: from emergent neighbourhood planning in England to the community-based housing movement in New York, and from active citizenship in the Dutch new towns to associative action in Marseille.
It will be a valuable resource for academic researchers and for postgraduate students on social policy, planning and community development courses.
"Should be regarded as a welcome addition on the reading lists of students and researchers who are interested in learning about planning activism and community organising." Town Planning Review
"A valuable contribution to our understanding of community action and public participation in planning that pushes boundaries in its reframing of participation as an integral part of planning and governance. Compelling reading for scholars, educators, and reflective practitioners." Professor Emerita Judith E Innes, University of California Berkeley
"A rich view, neither benevolent nor romantic, of actual communities in different parts of the world struggling to take control of their lives and homes, and a close investigation of their torn connections to the planning system" Dr. Marco Cremaschi, University Roma Tre
Nick Gallent is Professor of Housing and Planning and Head of the Bartlett School of Planning at University College London. His research focuses on UK planning policy as it pertains to housing delivery and as it affects rural communities.
Daniela Ciaffi is Professor of Urban Sociology in the Faculty of Political Science at the University of Palermo. She has published widely in the fields of strategic and inclusive planning, participative planning and urban sociology.
Part 1: Framing Community-Based Planning;
Communities, Community Action and Planning ~ Nick Gallent & Daniela Ciaffi;
Communities, Networks and Social Capital ~ Yvonne Rydin;
Time, Belonging and Development: A Challenge for Participation and Research ~ Peter Matthews;
Part 2: Contexts and Drivers for Community Action;
From Residents to Citizens: the Emergence of Neighbourhood Movements in Spain ~ Gemma Vilà;
Community Action in Australian Farming and Fishing Communities ~ Sue Kilpatrick, Karen Willis and Sophie Lewis;
Associative Action in Urban Planning: Cases Studies from Marseille, France ~ Maha Messaoudène, Daniel Pinson & Mustapha Berra;
Communities, land-ownership, housing and planning: reflections from the Scottish experience ~ Madhu Satsangi;
Part 3: Planning at the Community Scale;
The Fourth Way of Active Citizenship: Case Studies from the Netherlands ~ Ton van der Pennen & Hanneke Schreuders ;
Small-town Comprehensive Planning in California: Medial pathways to community-based participation ~ Hemalata Dandekar and Kelly Main;
Engaging neighbourhoods: experiences of transactive planning with communities in England ~ Gavin Parker;
Active communities of interest and the political process in Italy ~ Daniela Ciaffi;
New York City’s community-based housing movement: Achievements and prospects ~ Laura Wolf-Powers;
Community-Based Planning in Freiburg, Germany: The Case of Vauban ~ Iqbal Hamiduddin and Wulf Daseking;
Part 4: Scales, Influence and Integration;
The Scaling of Planning: Administrative Levels and Neighbourhood Mobilization as Obstacles to Planning Consensus ~ Pierre Filion;
Flexible Local Planning: Linking Community Initiative with Municipal Planning in Volda, Norway ~ Jørgen Amdam;
Connecting to the Citizenry: Support Groups in Community Planning in England ~ Nick Gallent;
Reflections on Community Action and Planning ~ Daniela Ciaffi & Nick Gallent.