With contributions from distinguished authors in 14 countries across 5 continents, this book provides a unique transnational perspective on intellectual disability in the twentieth century. Each chapter outlines different policies and practices, and details real-life accounts from those living with intellectual disabilities to illustrate their impact of policies and practices on these people and their families.
Bringing together accounts of how intellectual disability was viewed, managed and experienced in countries across the globe, the book examines the origins and nature of contemporary attitudes, policy and practice and sheds light on the challenges of implementing the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCPRD).
“This excellent book provides a broad yet richly textured, nuanced study of intellectual disability in 12 states/areas over the long twentieth century.” Social History of Medicine
“Jan Walmsley and Simon Jarrett have exercised a global reach in collecting diverse perspectives on the ways twelve nations have engaged the challenge of supporting people with intellectual disabilities to take their rightful place as citizens. The result is a gift to scholars and advocates alike.” John O’Brien, The Learning Community for Person Centered Practices
Jan Walmsley is a historian of intellectual disability and Visiting Chair in History of Learning Disability at The Open University. In 1994 she founded the Social History of Learning Disability Research Group at The Open University.
Simon Jarrett is an honorary research fellow at Birkbeck, University of London. He is a historian of intellectual disability and editor of Community Living magazine.
Introduction ~ Jan Walmsley, Simon Jarrett;
Paradoxical Lives: Intellectual Disability Policy and Practice in Twentieth Century Australia ~ Lee-Ann Monk;
Tracing the Historical and Ideological Roots of Services for People with Intellectual Disabilities in Austria ~ Gertraud Kremsner, Oliver Koenig and Tobias Buchner;
Time of Paradoxes: What the Twentieth Century was like for People with Intellectual Disabilities living in Czechoslovakia/Czech Republic ~ Monika Mužáková and Iva Strnadová;
Intellectual Disability in Twentieth-Century Ghana ~ Jane Abraham and Auberon Jaleel Odoom;
A Greek Neverland: The History of the Leros Asylums' Inmates with Intellectual Disability (1958-95) ~ Danae Karydaki;
Intellectual Disability in Hong Kong: Then and Now ~ Phyllis King Shui Wong;
People with Intellectual Disabilities in the European Semi-Periphery: The Case of Hungary ~ Ágnes Turnpenny;
People with Intellectual Disabilities in Iceland in the Twentieth Century: Sterilization, Social Role Valorization and ‘Normal Life’ ~ Guðrún Stefánsdóttir;
Institutionalisation in Twentieth-Century New Zealand ~ Carol Hamilton;
‘My Life in the Institution’ and ‘My Life in the Community’: Policies and Practice in Taiwan ~ Yueh-Ching Chou;
Intellectual Disability Policy and Practice in Twentieth-Century United Kingdom ~ Simon Jarrett and Jan Walmsley;
From Social Menace to Unfulfilled Promise: The Evolution of Policy and Practice toward People with Intellectual Disabilities in the United States ~ Philip M. Ferguson.